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Regional Report


1. Local democracy data

Democracy score (Freedom House, 2021) %76456057
Local Democratic Governance rating (Freedom House, 2021) (1-7)
Election (national/local) held during the pandemicyes (2021)no (2022)no (2019)yes (2020, postponed)
Upcoming local election (year)202620242024 (postponed)2024
Turnout at the last two local elections

46.07% (2022)

47.34% (2018)

48.58% (2019)

44.3% (2014)

54.90% (2018)

47.40% (2014)

46.62% (2020)

48.17% (2016)

Trust in local authorities (2020 October)47%39%48%35%

Local Autonomy Index

(2014, Keuffer-Ladner)

Decentralisation index (Committee of Regions, 2023) (0-3, EU rank)1.9,


2. Factors of resilience / vulnerability during the Covid-19 pandemic

Answers were provided based on project partners evaluation.

Municipalities have revenue from shared PIT / VAT taxes.yesnoyesyes
Dual mandate is allowed for local representatives (mayors can be MPs).yesnonono
Effective constitutional protection of municipal propertyyesnoyesyes
Deconcentration of public administrative tasks delegated to the municipalities to an extensive extent.yesnoyesno
Regions have sufficient competences, revenues, legal connections with municipalities and administrative capacity to carry out development tasks autonomously.yesnoyesno
Earmarked transfers to local governments become part of the disposable budget.yesnoyesyes
Local governments are allowed to borrow money through a transparent (rule-based), non-politicized mechanism (eg. independent supervisory body).yesnoyesyes
Horizontal fiscal equalisation mechanism between local government units (eg. ‘solidarity tax’) that is transparent and accepted as legitimate by LGs.yesnoyesyes
Local governments could maintain their ability to absorb external stress due to their capacity to adjust their revenues (taxing powers, scale of fees).yesnonono
Official aggregate sectoral level data is available for the public to monitor the ‘scissors effect’ (diminishing revenues, increasing expenditures) in municipal financesyesnoyesyes
In general, the pre-pandemic financial condition (fiscal health) of the municipal sector was stable (i.e. no mass indebtedness, waves of bankruptcies, growing operating deficits).yesyesyesyes
Compensation for pandemic-related losses for LGs in a politically unbiased and fair manner.yesnonono
Extraordinary law-making powers were not abused to make decisions on municipal matters.yesnoyesyes
Local governments or their associations were consulted when restrictive measures were being adopted in handling the public health crisis, and designing the recovery plans.nononono
Municipal councils could hold their meetings and make decisions during the pandemic period (offline or online).yesnoyesyes
Rules protecting FOI and transparency stayed in place amidst the regulatory changes during the pandemic.yesnonono
Municipalities received accurate and up-to-date data on number of cases, patients treated in hospitals, number of fatalities.yesnonoyes